Diabetes is a chronic detrimental disease that is affecting the world today. In the United States, it is among the leading causes of death. Millions of Americans are currently suffering from the condition. In fact, according to a 2011 data from the American Diabetes Association, a total of 25.8 million Americans that include children and adults suffer from diabetes and pre-diabetes.
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes or diabetes mellitus is caused by two factors. It can either be the inability of the pancreas to manufacture insulin or the inability of the cells of the body to respond to insulin. There are several types of diabetes, but the two major types are type 1 and type 2.
Type 1 diabetes also called insulin-dependent diabetes is the kind of diabetes that mostly affects individuals under the age of 20, thus the previous name, juvenile-onset diabetes. In type 1, the pancreas is unable or cannot produce sufficient amounts of insulin.
Meanwhile, about 90% of all diabetes cases are affected with type 2 or non-insulin dependent diabetes, hence, considered to be the most common type of diabetes. It was previously called adult-onset diabetes because it generally affects adults who are older than 20 years old. In the past, type 2 diabetes was usually discovered after the age of 40. However, in today’s society, this type of diabetes has been affecting children even below the age of 10.
How can you prevent diabetes?
Even with the availability of various diabetes treatments, it is still highly recommended to practice prevention methods to avoid or eliminate the possibility of incurring the disease. Keep in mind that it is a major disease that can provide a lot of internal damage and discomfort to the sufferer. Practicing these simple ways to stay free from the condition is recommended.
-Weight reduction and Proper diet
Diabetes is highly associated with weight. About 90% of diabetes patients are obese or overweight. Diet modification to lose weight is essential in avoiding the disease. Avoid consuming too much carbohydrates, fats and sugar. Maintain a nutrient-rich diet and small frequent meals are advised.
Exercise can help lower cholesterol and glucose levels in the blood. It can also improve blood circulation in the body. Experts recommend the practice of simple exercises to continuously guard the body from harmful conditions. In addition, exercise can also play a major role in losing weight. 30 minutes of daily exercises is sufficient to help control or avoid diabetes. Walking is a good exercise.
-Smoking Cessation and Alcohol Consumption
Diabetes patients are at high risk of heart ailments, combining this with the hazardous chemicals from smoking can be deadly. Aside from this, cigarette carries more than 4000 chemicals that can provide other deadly diseases. Meanwhile, excessive alcohol intake can increase blood sugar levels or may lower it down when you have just taken your insulin medication. Moderate consumption of alcohol that is sugar free or low in sugar is advised when alcohol consumption cannot be avoided. Men should only take at least 2 drinks a day while women can take 1 per day.
What are the treatments for Diabetes?
In general, diabetes patients need to inject insulin to manage their condition. There are several types of insulin treatments available for diabetes, they are the following:
This type of insulin usually takes at least 4 to 6 hours to reach the bloodstream before it can start lowering the blood glucose level. Its efficacy in controlling blood sugar lasts for approximately 36 hours after injection. Long-lasting insulin is called Ultralente or U.
This can reach the bloodstream and begin working after 90 minutes. Its efficacy takes about 24 hours. There are two types of intermediate-acting insulin, the NPH or N and Lente or L.
This is considered as short-acting insulin because it can reach the bloodstream after an hour or two and works in controlling blood glucose level for about 10 to 16 hours.
-Rapid / Regular Activity Insulin
This type of insulin treatment can reach the bloodstream in 30 minutes to an hour. Its efficacy in lowering the blood sugar can lasts for about 8 to 16 hours after injection. Rapid acting insulin is essential in the management of emergency cases of high blood glucose levels in relation to diabetes. It can also be prescribed with or without a long-acting insulin and is directed to be taken before meals or before going to bed.